US 1901 Western Union Telegraph Company 'Frank' 0c. Scott. 16T31

US 1901 Western Union Telegraph Company 'Frank' 0c. Scott. 16T31

Series: Western Union Telegraph Company

Issued date: 31-12-1901 (dd/mm/yyyy)
Face value: 0c. (Complimentary - No Face Value)
Emission: Telegraph & Telephone
Watermark: No Watermark

Catalogue No:-
Scott (UK): 16T31
Yvert et Tellier (France): TE31
Barefoot (UK): WU31

Printer: International Bank Note Co.

Stamp Colors: Dark orange brown
Perforation: 13
Paper: Brownish white, wove

Themes: Telegraph, Signature, Autograph

Note: With unique control number in red (prefix A, B, C, D or E) ; Signature of the Company's President, Thomas T. Eckert. With or without printer's imprint "International Bank Note Co. New York." (across two stamps)

Also known with a printed control number in blue (suffix B, C, D or E), or without any number.

Description:- Western Union Telegraph Company, enterprise created (1851) to provide telegraphic communications services in the United States. Originally known as the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company, Western Union (as it was renamed in 1856 after a series of acquisitions) built the nation's first transcontinental telegraph line in 1861. The company briefly entered the telephone field but, after losing a court battle with Bell Telephone in 1879, turned completely to telegraph communications. Western Union's telegraph business grew rapidly, reaching its height (more than 200 million telegrams) in 1929.

By 1943, after acquiring Postal Telegraph and some 500 other competitors, Western Union was easily the largest company in its field. During the 1960s, faced with steeply declining telegraph revenues and rising costs, the company moved into a number of other related services, such as time-sharing computer systems, teleprinters, and satellite communications. The Western Union Corp., formed in the 1970s, eventually sold off its communications businesses and emerged in the early 1990s as the New Valley Corp., a banking services and real estate company. Another part of the original company, Western Union Financial Services, became a subsidiary of First Data Corp. in 1995 and now specializes in electronic money transfers and business communications services; it continued to transmit telegrams until 2006.