US 1955 First of the Land-Grant Colleges 3c. Scott. 1065

US 1955 First of the Land-Grant Colleges 3c. Scott. 1065

Series: Land Grant Colleges Issue

Stamp details: Land-Grant Colleges

Issued date: 12-02-1955 (dd/mm/yyyy)
Face value: 3c.

Emission: Commemorative
Watermark: No Watermark

Catalogue No:-
Scott (USA): 1065
Stanley Gibbons (UK): 1067
Michel (Germany): 685
Yvert et Tellier (France): 592

Dimensions (height x width):
25mm x 40mm

Printer: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Print Method: Rotary Press

Stamp Colors: Green
Perforation: Perf 11 x 10˝

Themes: Education

Total print: 120,484,800 (estimate)

Description:- A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.

Signed by Abraham Lincoln, the first Morrill Act began to fund educational institutions by granting federally controlled land to the states for them to sell, to raise funds, to establish and endow "land-grant" colleges. The mission of these institutions as set forth in the 1862 Act is to focus on the teaching of practical agriculture, science, military science, and engineering—although "without excluding other scientific and classical studies"—as a response to the industrial revolution and changing social class. This mission was in contrast to the historic practice of higher education concentrating on a liberal arts curriculum. A 1994 expansion gave land-grant status to several tribal colleges and universities.

Ultimately, most land-grant colleges became large public universities that today offer a full spectrum of educational opportunities. However, some land-grant colleges are private schools, including Cornell University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and Tuskegee University.